- What kind of mask is recommended to prevent COVID-19 transmission?
- Do COVID-19 and tuberculosis spread in the same way?
- What is the incubation period of the coronavirus disease?
- What is the most likely ecological reservoirs for coronavirus disease?
- Should you meet with other people during the COVID-19 pandemic?
- How can COVID-19 spread besides breathing in respiratory droplets?
- Does wearing a mask mean you can have close contact with people during the COVID-19 pandemic?
- How does COVID-19 droplet transmission occur?
- How can I keep my child safe if they are going to school during COVID-19?
- Can fans be used safely inside during the COVID-19 pandemic?
- Should a child wear a mask at home during COVID19?
- Can the coronavirus disease spread through feces?
- Can the coronavirus disease be transmitted in hot or humid climates?
- How long does the virus that causes COVID-19 last on surfaces?
- Can COVID-19 cause severe disease?
- Are the elderly more vulnerable to the coronavirus disease?
- What are the possible modes of transmission of COVID-19?
- Does WHO recommend the use of masks with exhalation valves to prevent transmission of COVID-19?
What kind of mask is recommended to prevent COVID-19 transmission?
Fabric masks are recommended to prevent onward transmission in the general population in public areas, particularly where distancing is not possible, and in areas of community transmission.
This could include the school grounds in some situations.
Masks may help to protect others, because wearers may be infected before symptoms of illness appear.
The policy on wearing a mask or face covering should be in line with national or local guidelines.
Where used, masks should be worn, cared for and disposed of properly..
Do COVID-19 and tuberculosis spread in the same way?
See full answerTB bacilli remain suspended in the air in droplet nuclei for several hours after a TB patient coughs, sneezes, shouts, or sings, and people who inhale them can get infected. The size of these droplet nuclei is a key factor determining their infectiousness. Their concentration decreases with ventilation and exposure to direct sunlight.COVID-19 transmission has primarily been attributed to the direct breathing of droplets expelled by someone with COVID-19 (people may be infectious before clinical features become apparent). Droplets produced by coughing, sneezing, exhaling and speaking may land on objects and surfaces, and contacts can get infected with COVID-19 by touching them and then touching their eyes, nose or mouth . Handwashing, in addition to respiratory precautions, are thus important in the control of COVID-19.
What is the incubation period of the coronavirus disease?
The incubation period of COVID-19, which is the time between exposure to the virus and symptom onset, is on average 5-6 days, but can be as long as 14 days. Thus, quarantine should be in place for 14 days from the last exposure to a confirmed case.
What is the most likely ecological reservoirs for coronavirus disease?
The most likely ecological reservoirs for SARS-CoV-2 are bats, but it is believed that the virus jumped the species barrier to humans from another intermediate animal host. This intermediate animal host could be a domestic food animal, a wild animal, or a domesticated wild animal which has not yet been identified.
Should you meet with other people during the COVID-19 pandemic?
In this difficult period it is best to meet virtually but if you have to meet others, do it carefully and with the right precautions.
How can COVID-19 spread besides breathing in respiratory droplets?
The virus can also spread after infected people sneeze, cough on, or touch surfaces, or objects, such as tables, doorknobs and handrails. Other people may become infected by touching these contaminated surfaces, then touching their eyes, noses or mouths without having cleaned their hands first.
Does wearing a mask mean you can have close contact with people during the COVID-19 pandemic?
Wearing a mask does not mean you can have close contact with people. For indoor public settings such as busy shopping centres, religious buildings, restaurants, schools and public transport, you should wear a mask if you cannot maintain physical distance from others.
How does COVID-19 droplet transmission occur?
See full answerDroplet transmission occurs when a person is in in close contact (within 1 m) with someone who has respiratory symptoms (e.g., coughing or sneezing) and is therefore at risk of having his/her mucosae (mouth and nose) or conjunctiva (eyes) exposed to potentially infective respiratory droplets. Transmission may also occur through fomites in the immediate environment around the infected person.8 Therefore, transmission of the COVID-19 virus can occur by direct contact with infected people and indirect contact with surfaces in the immediate environment or with objects used on the infected person (e.g., stethoscope or thermometer).
How can I keep my child safe if they are going to school during COVID-19?
See full answer• Monitor your child’s health and keep them home from school if they are ill.• Teach and model good hygiene practices for your children: ○ Wash your hands with soap and safe water frequently. If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water, if hands are visibly dirty. ○ Ensure that safe drinking water is available and toilets or latrines are clean and available at home. ○ Ensure waste is safely collected, stored and disposed of. ○ Cough and sneeze into a tissue or your elbow and avoid touching your face, eyes, mouth and nose.
Can fans be used safely inside during the COVID-19 pandemic?
Air blowing from an infected person directly at another person in a closed space increases the risk of the virus spreading from one person to another.If COVID-19 is circulating in your community and the use of a table or pedestal fan is unavoidable, it is important to regularly bring in air from outside by opening windows or doors, while minimizing how much air blows from one person (or group of people) to another person (or group of people).
Should a child wear a mask at home during COVID19?
Any child who has symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 should wear a medical mask, as long as they can tolerate it. The child should be isolated, and medical advice sought as soon as they start to feel unwell, even if symptoms are mild.Family members/caregivers who come within 1 metre of the sick child at home should also wear a mask. A household member who is sick or has tested positive with the virus that causes COVID-19 should be isolated from everyone else if possible. If the child comes within 1 metre of the sick person at home, the adult and child should wear a medical mask during that time.
Can the coronavirus disease spread through feces?
The risk of catching the COVID-19 virus from the faeces of an infected person appears to be low. There is some evidence that the COVID-19 virus may lead to intestinal infection and be present in faeces. Approximately 2−10% of cases of confirmed COVID-19 disease presented with diarrhoea (2−4), and two studies detected COVID-19 viral RNA fragments in the faecal matter of COVID-19 patients (5,6).However, to date only one study has cultured the COVID-19 virus from a single stool specimen (7). There have been no reports of faecal−oral transmission of the COVID-19 virus.
Can the coronavirus disease be transmitted in hot or humid climates?
From the evidence so far, the COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in ALL AREAS, including areas with hot and humid weather. Regardless of climate, adopt protective measures if you live in, or travel to an area reporting COVID-19. The best way to protect yourself against COVID-19 is by frequently cleaning your hands. By doing this you eliminate viruses that may be on your hands and avoid infection that could occur by then touching your eyes, mouth, and nose.
How long does the virus that causes COVID-19 last on surfaces?
Recent research evaluated the survival of the COVID-19 virus on different surfaces and reported that the virus can remain viable for up to 72 hours on plastic and stainless steel, up to four hours on copper, and up to 24 hours on cardboard.
Can COVID-19 cause severe disease?
While COVID-19 is spreading rapidly, most people will experience only mild or moderate symptoms. That said, this coronavirus can cause severe disease in some people.
Are the elderly more vulnerable to the coronavirus disease?
The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting the global population in drastic ways. In many countries, older people are facing the most threats and challenges at this time. Although all age groups are at risk of contracting COVID-19, older people face significant risk of developing severe illness if they contract the disease due to physiological changes that come with ageing and potential underlying health conditions.
What are the possible modes of transmission of COVID-19?
Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 can occur through direct, indirect, or close contact with infected people through infected secretions such as saliva and respiratory secretions or their respiratory droplets, which are expelled when an infected person coughs, sneezes, talks or sings.
Does WHO recommend the use of masks with exhalation valves to prevent transmission of COVID-19?
No, WHO does not advise using masks or respirators with exhalation valves. These masks are intended for industrial workers to prevent dust and particles from being breathed in as the valve closes on inhale. However, the valve opens on exhale, making it easier to breathe but also allowing any virus to pass through the valve opening. This makes the mask ineffective at preventing the spread of COVID-19 or any other respiratory virus.